Although most eye infections are not a cause for concern, if left untreated, your infection could progress to something more serious. That’s why Dr. Vishal Patel at Eye Care Solutions believes you should know about the signs and symptoms of the most common eye problems.
All eye infections start with viral, fungal, or bacterial contamination of your eyes. This contamination may come from sexually transmitted diseases, shingles, Lyme disease, or simply touching your eyes without washing your hands. Many infections are also passed on from another person. An infection could affect one or both eyes and can happen to anyone at any age.
Here’s what you need to know about the symptoms, treatment, and prevention of the most common eye infections.
Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
Conjunctivitis, more commonly known as pink eye, is one of the most common eye infections. It usually strikes children and is highly contagious. Conjunctivitis occurs when there is an inflammation inside the eyelid and the outer layer of the eye. Symptoms include itching, burning, redness, and discharge.
Keratitis is also a common eye condition, especially among contact lens wearers. Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea caused by bacteria, an injury or dry eyes. It’s also associated with thyroid disease. Symptoms include blurry vision, eye pain, red eyes, discharge, and light sensitivity.
Histoplasmosis is the result of inhaling a type of fungus that can infect your lungs. This lung infection then spreads to the retina. In most cases, this fungus does not cause harm, but in other cases, it can lead to a serious case of histoplasmosis, which can lead to vision impairment.
Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids, usually where your eyelashes grow. It’s caused when the oil glands near your eyelashes become clogged. Symptoms include watery, itchy, red and irritated eyes and eyelids. You may also have flaky, crusty eyes that are difficult to open when you wake.
Common eye infection treatments
The most effective way to prevent eye infections is to wash your hands frequently, especially before you touch your face or eyes. If you do have an eye infection, Dr. Patel at Eye Care Solutions determines the cause and best treatment for your condition.
Treatment options may include ways to keep you comfortable while your infection clears on its own, or Dr. Patel may prescribe drops, ointments, or oral antibiotics to treat your infection.
For more information on common eye infections and how to treat them, call our office or make an appointment using our online booking tool.